Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Euthanasias Place in a Civilized Society Essay - 763 Words

Euthanasias Place in a Civilized Society Euthanasia beyond any doubt does not have a place in our civilised society. It is undoubtedly murder and people who are severely disabled or terminally ill should unquestionably still die naturally. Euthanasia is the act of causing somebody to die gently and without pain. there are two types of euthanasia. One is active euthanasia which involves a lethal injection given to someone who is severely disabled or terminally ill. The other is passive euthanasia which involves doctors to withdraw all treatment to their patients. To begin with many people decide to end their lives when they are told they have a life threatening disease. This will lead to them†¦show more content†¦Euthanasia by all means should remain illegal because doctors may leave the profession as they might not feel comfortable in participating in any form of euthanasia and they have taken an oath at the start of their medical career to do everything in their ability to keep their patients alive but euthanasia being legalised will break that promise. Also euthanasia may prevent the future generation of doctors in joining the profession. This could be a major problem for the NHS and other medical services as they are already short of staff. Many critics of euthanasia will agree with this point as did Dr Peggy Norris who says that if euthanasia is legalised, many objections on moral grounds could mean poor job prospects for doctors who werent willing to kill their patient on request. This is recipe for a nightmare. I am convinced that if euthanasia is legalised it will prevent patients travelling to the hospitals. There is conclusive evidence for this statement as Dr Peggy Norris, a GP of Liverpool, has claimed that in Holland were euthanasia is practised, some elderly people have to be counselled before they go into hospitals because they are frightened they will be put down. This makes it clear that euthanasia will affect many people. Another reason that euthanasia should most definitely not be legalised is because allowing such

Friday, May 15, 2020

Essay on Family and World War - 1101 Words

The novel Fireshadow by Anthony Eaton is set in the contexts of past and present. The past is set during World War II at a prison camp in the West Australian bush where you follow a German soldier who is imprisoned in the camp. The present day is set in the present Australian bush where it follows a boy who’s ran away from home. Fireshadow is constructed to focus on how the issues from the past differ to now. The main issues that differ in society from past and present are the racial conflict, being pregnant without a husband and family. The way the author constructed racial conflict in the book was point of view because through point of view because you witness how people felt about being discriminated against, racial conflict was huge†¦show more content†¦When Alice came back from the prison camp she was pregnant so society excluded her which shows how people judge someone for their actions and not for who they really are. When Alice went around town she got weird looks from people, which made her feel lonely, depressed and unwanted and it was made worse for Alice because these people used to be her friends. Society reflected Alice as being promiscuous even though she was pregnant to the person she loved. In the present people don’t care if you’re pregnant without a husband because it might be the person’s personal choice. In the past everyone knew everyone so the gossip would travel fast that’s a reason why it was talked about more because everyone knew each other’s stor y. Another reason why being pregnant without a husband back than was so bad because they had higher standards of people back than. Whereas now people are more relaxed so there are fewer standards and now because there’s a higher population it’s much harder to know everyone so no one knows everyone’s story. The way the author constructed the issue of families was characterization so you get the idea of each member of the family so that helps show the difference between the stereotypical families in the past and the present. Families in the past were different to the one’s in the present because the father was the most dominate because they were the ones that earn the money and they were the ones who were portrayed as being brave. The mother wasShow MoreRelatedFamilies during World War II569 Words   |  2 Pages Families During World War II The entry of the United States into the Second World War dramatically altered the traditional role of the family in American society. First and foremost, the economic conditions, which were dramatically improving because of the war, became suitable for a large number of couples to get married. But the war also changed the interaction between members of the family and traditional parental roles. Housing shortages led to discrimination against some families, juvenileRead MoreFamily Implications Of The World War I And II, Korea, And Vietnam863 Words   |  4 PagesFamily Implications As we look at the over, arching aspect of family implications, the most common aspect associated to this is the number of service member deaths. By the numbers alone, those killed in conjunction to the operations of the past 14 years do not hold a candle to the sheer numbers of World Wars I and II, Korea, or Vietnam. We must look past these numbers and look at all injuries, which will then significantly increase the casualty numbers. Many of the millions of wounded warriorsRead MoreHow did the Second World War Affect Family Life in Britain Between 19391958 Words   |  8 Pages How did the Second World War Affect Family Life in Britain Between 1939-45? The Blitz comes from a German word meaning lightning. It was the sustained strategic bombing of the United Kingdom by Germany during the Second World War. Between 7 September 1940 and 21 May 1941 there were major raids (attacks in which more than 100 tons of high explosives were dropped) on 16 British cities. Over a period of 267 days (almost 37 weeks), London was attacked 71 times, Birmingham, Liverpool and Plymouth eightRead MoreThe Battle Of The World War II974 Words   |  4 Pages Is it really worth letting your family suffer, while you fight for your country’s freedom? The love for family appears, in most cases, to be less important than victory against another country. In hope for fighting hard for their country, the soldiers have forgotten all the fears that their family faces. According to the Untold Stories of Loss: Mourning the ‘Enemy’ in Second World War, the families would experience â€Å"a constant dread of receiving a telegram announcing the injury, missing statusRead MoreLife At Home During World War I1443 Words   |  6 Pagesduring World War I and World War II Introduction During World War I and World War II life back home changed excessively. Families were experiencing drastic changes as the absence of men affected not only families but the economy as well. When the soldiers went to fight in World War 1 and World War 2, women and children had to replace men in the workforce. There was an increase in those affected by the trauma of the wars, and the birth-rate had dropped during this time. Family Families were affectedRead MoreAnalysis Of The War By Timothy Findley1229 Words   |  5 PagesIn the novel â€Å"The War† by the author Timothy Findley, it is about a nineteen-year-old, Robert Ross, who enlists in World War 1 after a tragic death of his sister and years later a historian is trying to piece together Robert Ross’s life. The novel talks about the cruelty of the first world war, however it seems there is a metaphor, that the novel is not only talking about the first World War, but multiple wars. The other different types of battles that are present throughout the novel include, charactersRead MoreThe World Wars Impact On Society893 Words   |  4 PagesThe World Wars Impact on Society Thesis: The aftermath of World War II was the start of a new era. It created the decline of the previous ruling forces and the rise of the two superpowers; Soviet Union and the United States of America, creating a clash between the two bipolar opposite countries. Following World War II and the Suez crisis in 1956, The British Empires status as a superpower was greatly diminished. For the remainder of the Cold War the United States and the Soviet Union came to beRead MoreA Life Of Her Own998 Words   |  4 Pages World War I changed the landscape of Europe, particularly France, like no war had ever before. The memoir, A Life of Her Own, depicts the experiences of Emilie Carles, a politically active French women. The memoir depicts the country’s history throughout, not only World War I, but most of the 20th century. Carles brother, Joseph, was caught in a German Prisoner of War camp for a good portion of the war. While there, he would write to the Carles and documented the horrors of war. The article A RepublicRead MoreA Time For Change . William G. Pollard, A Physicists, Had1509 Words   |  7 Pagesuntil he acquired the technology necessary to make weapons. During this period, man hunted and gathered food as they walked through the vast earth. This was until the discovery of agriculture and farming allowed many to stay in one spot and raise a family. We have witnessed changes due to the spread of religion, and great periods of change brought forward by the industrial and technolog ical revolutions. It is important to understand that unlike all of the periods mentioned above, the greatest periodRead MoreThe Fifties Essay782 Words   |  4 PagesCold War and social conformity. It is hard to generalize the lives of millions of Americans, but the values of Americans in the fifties were shaped by two major events: the Great Depression and World War II. After a period of war and poverty conforming to a suburban way of life was a dream come true for Americans. The 1950s almost inevitably invoke an image of the so called traditional nuclear family portrayed in famous TV shows like Happy Days. In this golden age of the family, happily

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Conflict Of Sophocles Antigone - 1500 Words

Sophocles’ Antigone centers around a familial feud that develops between Antigone and Creon when Antigone decides to bury her brother and Creon’s niece, Polyneices. While Antigone believes that it is her religious and familial duty to bury her brother, Creon objects, citing the Theban civil war which took place right before the events of the play. Adhering to Greek literary tradition, Sophocles ultimately seeks not just to entertain the audience but also to teach a moral lesson, in this case about the consequences that ensue when a tyrannical ruler disobeys divine rule, violate religious obligation, and attempt to place government over religion. In developing the plot and conflicts of the text, Sophocles explores three unique but†¦show more content†¦When one considers Antigone’s actions against period social norms, it becomes apparent that Antigone serves as a foil to the established stereotype of a traditional Greek woman who is supposed to be â€Å"p ure,† soft-spoken, and nearly subservient, much like Ismene is. Antigone’s contradiction to societal norms serves to emphasize the severity of Antigone’s rebellion as one not only against Creon but also against society as well. From this interaction, the audience can glean that Antigone is not only viewed as rebellious because of her actions, but also because of her sex, which inherently exacerbates the severity of her crime. Creon’s first accusations against the perpetrator of the burial support this initial claim. Creon refers to the criminal as a â€Å"he† and implies that Creon cannot fathom that a woman might commit a crime against his rule. Thus, a theme of gender roles emerges, further showing Antigone’s idealism since Antigone believes that she is able to act in rebellion of the throne regardless of established gender roles and that she has the same fervor to fight against wrongs perpetrated by the government as any male would have. S uch defiance gives Antigone the characterization of a double minority in Theban society: first because she is a woman and secondly because she questions Creon’s rule. Moreover, as posited by Kirkwood, â€Å"TheShow MoreRelatedEssay on Nature of the Conflict in Sophocles Antigone2383 Words   |  10 PagesThe Nature of the Conflict in Antigone  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   In â€Å"Sophocles’ Praise of Man and the Conflicts of the Antigone,† Charles Paul Segal explains the nature of the conflict between Antigone and Creon: The conflict between Creon and Antigone has its starting point in the problems of law and justice. At any rate, the difference is most explicitly formulated in these terms in Antigone’s great speech on the divine laws. . . . Against the limited and relative â€Å"decrees† of men she sets the eternal lawsRead More confant Conflict of Passion and Reason in Sophocles Antigone1457 Words   |  6 PagesConflict of Passion and Reason in Sophocles Antigone Ah Creon! Is there no man left in the world† (Sophocles page #). Greek theatre played a large role in Greece. The citizens were supposed to learn from the mistakes made in tragedies. The citizens should have learned what not to be like as a citizen or person. In Antigone, written by Sophocles, there are two main characters, Antigone and Creon. They are both strong willed and stubborn people. Both being unwilling to change, they both sealRead More Conflict, Climax and Resolution in Sophocles Antigone Essay2394 Words   |  10 PagesConflict, Climax and Resolution  in Antigone  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚   Sophocles’ tragic drama, Antigone, presents to the reader a full range of conflicts and their resolution after a climax. In Antigone the protagonist, Antigone, is humble and pious before the gods and would not tempt the gods by leaving the corpse of her brother unburied. She is not humble before her uncle, Creon, because she prioritizes the laws of the gods higher than those of men; and because she feels closer to her brother, PolynicesRead MoreConflict in The Greek Tragedy Antigone by Sophocles Essay556 Words   |  3 PagesIn the Greek tragedy Antigone, written by playwright Sophocles, a conflict is presented in the aftermath of a rebellion against Thebes, wherein the brothers Polyneices and Eteocles kill each other, as leaders of opposing armies. Creon, their uncle, assumes rule of Thebes, as the only remaining heir of the previous king; then honors Eteocles as a hero, but forbids any burial for Polyneices, calling him a traitor. Antigone defies this, claiming the gods require him to be buried. This essay will argueRead MoreAntigone As A Strong Woman1322 Words   |  6 PagesSophocles presents Ant igone as a strong woman who is both dedicated to her family and her community. Much conflict arises between these two dedications. In this paper, I will give examples of Antigone’s different individual responsibilities and her philosophies and explain how they conflict with the commitment that she is to have to her community and indirectly, her king. Ultimately, I will argue that Sophocles demonstrated his ideas as to what values the Greek community should hold at the most profoundRead MoreAntigone By Sophocles Antigone1478 Words   |  6 PagesThroughout Antigone, Antigone is a presented as a strong woman who is both dedicated to her family and her community. That said, there is much conflict between these two dedications. In this paper, I will give examples of Antigone’s different individual responsibilities and her philosophies and explain how those conflict with the commitment that she is to have to her community and indirectly, her king. Ultimately, I will argue that Sophocles demonstrated his values of family, the way of the godsRead MoreBiography of Sophocles Essay1496 Words   |  6 PagesBiography of Sophocles Sophocles was born near Athens, in the small town of Colonus, around 495 BC. His ninety-year life span coincided with the rise and fall of the Athenian Golden age. The son of Sophillus, a wealthy armor maker, Sophocles was provided with the best traditional aristocratic education available in Athens (Page 3). Very little is known about Sophocles as a youth, although one public record suggests his participation in â€Å"The Chorus of Youths,† chosen to celebrate the Athenian navalRead MoreThe Production Of Antigone By Peta Tait Essay1708 Words   |  7 PagesThe production of Antigone by Company B reviewed by Peta Tait is correct in multiple instances even though the production has an incorrect central conflict. Company B’s production is correct when Tait explains how it portrays why Creon did not bury Polyneices’ body and just left it out to the animals instead (71). The production is also correct when implying why Creon treats Antigone and Ismene badly as if th ey have the dignity of animals (73). By looking at Sophocles’ Antigone, it portrays CreonRead MoreEssay on Analyzing Antigone and Creon1313 Words   |  6 PagesSophocles play titled Antigone, embellishes the opposing conflicts between Antigone who stands for the values of family, and Creon who stands for the values of state. Sophocles explores the depths of Antigone’s morality and the duty based on consequence throughout the play, as well as the practical consequences of Creon who is passionate and close-minded. Although Antigone’s moral decisions appear to be more logical and favorable than Creon’s, a personal argument would be that both characters’Read MoreChoices That Mean Life or Death In Antigone1381 Words   |  6 PagesMean Life or Death In Antigone The play Antigone was penned by Sophocles, a Greek writer, sometime in the late 440s B.C. This Greek tragedy uses a combination of literary elements in order to grab the reader’s attention. Two such elements are theme and conflict. Most importantly, Sophocles’s Antigone deals with themes, such as the conflict of family versus state, the conflict of individual versus government, and the conflict of human versus divine

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Solar energy is the least polluting and the most i Essay Example For Students

Solar energy is the least polluting and the most i Essay nexaustable of all known energy sources such as coal and natural gases. Other forms of energy have shown significant drawbacks to our enviorment but solar energy is safe and has great potential. There is an abundance of solar energy in our enviroment that we are now beginning to use as our technology advances. There are many practical solar energy systems used today, the most commonly used are solar heated homes, and small electric systems. These two systems when applied to solar energy have proven to last over a decade. Also these electrical systems show the best way to harness solar energy by: solar thermal systems, and solar electrical systems. Solar thermal systems convert the energy of the sun into heat, and then use the heat whenever desired. The electric systems convert the energy of the sun directly into electrical energy, and can be used just like our electrical energy we use. Some less popular models fo solar energy systems are the domestic water heating systems, remote water pumps, and electric power for radio repeaters. Most of our spacecrafts use solar power for things like communication. One example would be the Mir Cooperative Solar Array Program. Solar energy is in the process of being tested, and in hopes may be used in the near future. The avalibility of solar energy on the Earths surface varies in many different ways. Most of the energy we use requires both constant and readily available energy. One of the greatest challenges that the designer of solar energy would have is to be able to forecast the availability of solar energy and to capture and store it so it can be used when nessecary. The rotation of the Earth on its axis, changing of the seasons, and the orbiting of the Earth around the sun are all predictable factors that have to be considered when dealing with solar energy. However there are many unpredictable factors that also would have great impact on solar energy. Another great challenge the designer of solar energy may have it to create a devise that could be able to capture the solar energy in the radiation form, and to convert the radiation into a useful form of energy .

Monday, April 13, 2020

There is a famous statement thatthere is an old quarrel between philosophy and poetry Essay Example For Students

There is a famous statement thatthere is an old quarrel between philosophy and poetry Essay There is a famous statement thatthere is an old quarrel between philosophy and poetry. Well Plato is definitely a person who believes in it. He lived at a time where his city was in disaster after the Peloponnesian war and this helped him to contribute his ability in philosophy as well as literary theories. All his literary theories are influenced by his philosophy. Plato was very critical about the knowledge of the poets in is time. He lived in a critical time where people needed good guidance. People tend to look up to the poets because they water the desires of human feelings. This attracted people towards poets. This is a dangerous situation if the poets do not know what they should bring forward through their poetry. Plato simply thought that poets write while they are in a trance possessed by Muse the goddess of art and conveying Muse ideas through poetry. These ideas poets presented were the weak side of human nature; our emotions are watered the withered. Plato reveals two contradictory aspects of poets knowledge. We will write a custom essay on There is a famous statement thatthere is an old quarrel between philosophy and poetry specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now He says poets are responsible for what they write and also they are not responsible for what they write because they are writing poetry in a trance. Homer was one of the poets whom people would believe in any time. Homer basically created the culture of the Greeks. The heroes, the gods, the underworld and war were all Homers creations. According to Plato these are imaginations of Homer. Plato blames Homer for giving the wrong idea of gods and goddesses. According to Plato even if gods have defects they should be created as perfect idols so people would tend to imitate the right way of life. As stated by the Stafford Encyclopedia of Philosophy To interpret Homer well, we have to understand what Homer said; to do that, and to support our judgment that he spoke superlatively well, we have to understand the subject matter about which Homer speaks just as we would in, say, evaluating someones pronouncements about health. Further, Homer himself must have understood well that about which he speaks. So as interpreters we are making claims about the truth of Homers teachings about XYZ; and thus we are assuming that Homer sought to state the truth about XYZ. When Homer talks about was he doesnt give us accurate information because he never fought war and he does not know how a general would command or behave in a war because he was never a general. This is well argued by Plato in his work Ion. Plato produced three methods on evaluating poetry. The dependency of the poets is it actually their talent or divine inspiration, the role of the poet as an educator and a social reformer and contribution to literature through poetry. Plato protests about the lack of knowledge of poets of his time and about the poets them selves. He thinks that Arts are a third remove from reality- the idea of the object /the object/ the representation of the object. It is like a mirror held up to a mirror, they will only be imitations. In Pheadrus which relates a myth, humans are the most ignorant set of souls and philosophers know some kind of truth and they are near to Zeus. In Platos opinion poets are behind gymnasts and businessmen. So they are not in a reliable place to be creative. He thinks poets are writing in madness. According to him there are four types of madness or inspirations; madness of prophecy, mythical rituals, poetic madness inspired by Muses and madness of love created by Eros and Aphrodite strongest of all madness. When poets produce a work and publish it they are not near the reader and this is dangerous it would make people understand the subject matter in different ways. Plato also says that some poets try to write without the divine inspiration but they end up making them self justifying divine inspiration. .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646 , .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646 .postImageUrl , .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646 , .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646:hover , .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646:visited , .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646:active { border:0!important; } .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646:active , .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646 .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ua69964bcf3afbd1351b674f317678646:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: How do the Poets Studied use Imagery and Structure to Convey their Attitude to War? EssayPlato wants the poets to that it is easy to inspire the irrational part of human nature and poets should not water it. He also ridicules the comparative ability in poets they make an ass look like a horse. Plato gives an example for poets à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" if a person calls himself a doctor and gives the same pill for all illnesses he should be called a madman. Similarly if poets give their audience the wrong message they will take it as it is. Plato compares the audience to a wild beast and if poets entertain the needs of the wild beast it will get addicted to the entertainment. Such work is an inferior son born to inferior parents. Plato is against the entertainment which is directed towards emotions because by giving space emotions will let people out pour it without control and it will make things worse when worse things happen to them. Plato specifically tells not to represent women in any sort -quarrelling, lamenting, mourning, love or childbirth. Also bad men of any sort-cowards, comic abuse, foul language and madness. Plus any workmen which guardians feel ashamed to imitate. Likewise he introduces three aspects of good poetry. It should be charming, correct in technique consistency /characterization and set and example to the society. In writing poetry you should be praised by others and not praise other by you. According to Plato only poetry that should be in an ideal state is hymns to gods and poems that praise good men. Plato gives some advice on writing poetry to fellow poets. He thinks the ideal subject matter should be philosophy and the ideal technique should be the form of dialogue. A dialogue in a work will make you have an argument and not be one sided. In Laws he says poets are the wickedest class of unbelievers because they say god can be won over by gifts and sacrifices also makes gain out of the fears and terrors of mankind. He strictly thinks the poets should educate children and statesmen. Since children Previous are the future of the country and nobles are the current rulers they should know how to separate good from bad. A reason Plato gives to banish poets from an ideal state is that they have no say in political views. He also states that there should not be epic and lyrics if they provoke emotions in a negative way. Plato gives many reasons for his dislike for poetry and we have to keep in mind he had no grudge against poetry but he had issues against the power of poetry. He certainly respects Homer but is critical about the credibility of his work which has influenced many generations. Even though he thinks of banishing poets in his earlier works he brings a better idea of censoring the poems through a board of scholars before publishing. This maturity made him give advice on how to write appropriate poems which would help develop the county.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Free Will and Schopenhauer Essays

Free Will and Schopenhauer Essays Free Will and Schopenhauer Essay Free Will and Schopenhauer Essay Free will is considered as holding the ability to take a class of action entirely based on one’s character. Immanuel Kant argues that worlds have free will and move consequently. while Arthur Shopenhauer suggests that worlds are delusional and desire to hold free will. yet they are lead by Torahs of nature and motives merely. Perceiving ourselves as moving with free will is merely to fulfill the metaphysical demand on being responsible for one’s action. Free will is a phenomenon that does non be ; what is perceived to be free will is causes that we act upon and motivations that drive us to make so. Every individual action needs a cause to move upon. . Kant connects free will with morality and implies that morality lies within ground. He does non truly explicate free will but merely refutes expostulations against it by saying that we are free by cognizing we have responsibilities. His statement suggests that even though we have ethical motives we can ever move amorally. by holding the ability to move otherwise we have free will. Shopenhauer’s H2O illustration proves otherwise. This is precisely as if H2O spoke to itself: I can do high moving ridges ( yes in the sea during a storm ) . I can hotfoot down hill ( yes! : in the river bed ) . I can immerse down foaming and gushing ( yes! In the waterfall ) . I can lift freely as a watercourse of H2O in the air ( yes! In the fountain ) I can. eventually. boil off and disappear ( yes! At a certain temperature ) ; but I am voluntarily staying quiet and clear in the reflecting pool. This illustration is deterministic and proves that in order for the H2O to make all those things. it needs a cause to move upon. Just as a adult male must hold a cause that pushes him frontward in order to move consequently. The adult male needs a motivation that will move as a cause. The causal determinism proposes that all future events are necessitated by past and present events combined by Torahs of nature. It is non a man’s free will that makes him move morally. but instead. it is the motivations that make him move in any peculiar manner. Kant would reason that moving morally has absolute worth because by moving morally. we engage in a higher order of being. Schopenhauer gives the illustration of a adult male who gets out from work and evaluates his options which he thinks he can freely take from. That adult male decides to travel place to his married woman. He thinks he made this pick freely but really it is because the motivation of traveling place was greater than the other options. If Schopenhauer was to dispute him to state that was expected of you being the drilling adult male that you are’ . and he went to the theatre with him alternatively. this would still non intend he has free will. It merely means that his motivations have changed because there is a different cause. Schopenhauer’s remark causes him to move withstanding mode. If this adult male had a more inactive character. he might hold still gone place to his married woman. Causes would hold affected him in different ways and he would hold had different motivations. Bing responsible of our actions is demanded from us by the society ; when we act consequently it is because the society’s outlooks cause us to move responsibly. Kant argues that as rational existences. we should consciously and freely take the responsible thing to make because it is the Torahs we choose to obey that make us free. Schopenhauer would reason that the lone ground we obey regulations and act responsibly is because our motivations drive us to that way. If our motivations were to conflict with the regulations. we would halt being responsible. If work forces really had free will that leads them to move responsibly. we would non be able to explicate slaying. larceny or any illegal action that harms the society. When the liquidator. the stealer or the condemnable execute their actions. it is because their motivations are conflicting with the regulations society set. Worlds are capable to jurisprudence of nature. without a cause. there is no consequence ; therefore we have no free will. Harmonizing to Kant. one should move as if the axiom of one’s action were to go. a cosmopolitan jurisprudence of nature through one’s will. By saying that. Kant is really doing the jurisprudence of nature topic to human free will. seting the consequence before the cause. Schopenhauer presents an statement which explains why adult male are capable to jurisprudence of nature: For adult male. like all objects of experience. is a phenomenon in clip and infinite. and since the jurisprudence of causality holds for all such a priori and accordingly without exclusion. he excessively must be a topic to it. This suggests that we are sing the same causalities as every other being does. yet we are unsighted to see what is obvious. There are excessively many causes that affect work forces. which is why we get delusional while acknowledging the causes. Both Kant and Schopenhauer use the billiard balls illustration to exemplify the relation between cause and consequence. Kant provinces that we are non like billiard balls because we have the ability to do our ain picks as rational existences. Whereas Schopenhauer suggests that we are like the more complex version of the billiard balls: we will merely travel if we are hit. We differ from billiard balls non because we have ground. but because we are so invariably hit that we stop comprehending the causes. Every individual constituent in life cause our motivations to determine in certain ways which is why it is so difficult to acknowledge the causes we act upon. All our actions can be reduced to motivations we have in order to fulfill our ultimate intent: to populate and to make life. Finally we are ranned by simple motivations such as keeping our consecutive continuity of being. reproduction or protection. Even a adult male who is about to perpetrate self-destruction will draw his manus off if he by chance touches a hot Fe. His physiological reaction will direct faster signals to his encephalon before he can even admit it. He would hold no free will over that action ; it would strictly be him obeying the jurisprudence of nature without even believing about it. As topics to jurisprudence of nature. the determinations we make in our day-to-day lives are largely caused by the motivations to happen the best mate possible to make the best off spring. We do non needfully acknowledge it. but even the most fiddling picks we make. like the desire to drive a fancy auto over a cheaper 1. is non an act of free will. By making so. merely like a Inachis io demoing his plumes. we are unconsciously lead by motivations that push us into a certain way which will do us more desirable as a mate. We want to be accepted by the society for the same grounds. being a portion of a community provides a protection and chance to reproduce. The ground why a rich adult male would assist the hapless. or fall in a state nine is non because he has free will that makes him morally responsible. or that he enjoys playing golf. but it is because that will do him more well-thought-of and better accepted by the society which he wants to belong. Our physiological reactions. endocrines. nerve cells. our Deoxyribonucleic acid and the causes that act on us condition the determinations we make. We choose to believe that we have free will because it makes us experience as if we have control on our life. As the life scientist Lynn Margulis defines Life is the unusual fruit of persons evolved by mutualism. Swiming. conjugating. bargaining and dominating. bacteriums populating in intimate associations during the Proterozoic gave rise to myriad Chimeras. assorted existences. of which we represent a bantam fraction of an spread outing offspring. Through corporeal amalgamations disparate existences invented meiotic sex. programmed decease. and complex multicellularity. Life is an extension of being into the following coevals. the following species. Nothing makes us any different than the bacteriums. other than being more complex. that entirely acted on their inherent aptitudes. The lone difference is the equation that determines our actions have many variables. whereas it was much fewer in procaryotes. If we are able to understand that the simplest signifiers of life were moving upon the basic motivations and no free will. we should be able to comprehend that our actions are non different. The chemical distribution of our DNA will do us to hold an kernel. which will find our motivations and actions under different fortunes. As the being gets more complex. the cause and consequence relation will be harder to detect but still. at that place will non be free will.

Monday, February 24, 2020

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - Essay Example Unshakable belief: Anxiety and depression are both featured in OCD, and recent research has also pointed out the importance of unshakable belief systems in the development of OCD. O'Dwyer and Marks (2000) give the example of a young man who "Came to believe in a 'power' that could bring him luck if he could retain it within his possession through ritualizing" (O'Dwyer and Marks, 2000. Page 281). Initially, the rituals begin so that the man can keep his 'power'. Soon, however, a second set of rituals develop, in order to ward off evil. O'Dwyer and Marks considered that roughly a third of all OCD patients in a study were delusional. Obsession: Obsession in OCD may take the form of compulsive thoughts and actions, the most well-known being the repetitive washing of hands. These should not be considered normal, everyday thoughts, but intrusive, repetitive and unwelcome thoughts and fears. Strock (1994) gives the example of a woman who was plagued with thoughts about harming her child: "She became terrified to use the kitchen knives of her sewing scissors. She knew she did not want to harm her child. Why did she have these distressing alien thoughts" (Strock, 1994). In OCD, the thoughts themselves can be innocuous, but it is the invasive nature of the thoughts, and the actions which are taken to get rid of them, which mark out OCD. In extreme cases, the OCD may take the form of hoarding, or collecting items, usually in massive quantities. Sufferers with this form of OCD may live in only a small space within their apartment, with the rest given over to the collection. Compulsion: Compulsion is the other half of the obsessional thoughts; such compulsion might include: knocking at a door or chewing food a certain number of times, counting actions, excessive washing rituals, returning to check that the fire is out repetitively, and so on. The important features of these compulsions is that 1) they have to be performed again and again, one action may be repeated until it satisfies the compulsion. Ritual Behavior: The elements of ritual are very important in the diagnosis of Obsessive-compulsive disorder. Rituals such as touching something a specific number of times may seem bizarre or psychotic, but the sufferer is compelled to perform them in order to ward off tragedy. OCD might be seen as a form of magical thinking, where an action is performed in order to protect an unrelated object, or prevent bad things from occurring. Sufferers may